The increased awareness of human induced global warming has created an interest in using renewable energy instead of fossil fuels. Marine transport is one of the least energy intensive way of transporting goods. However, it is also one of the sectors with the fewest available alternatives to fossil fuels. To combat global warming, all industrial sectors should take measures to cut emissions; product of oil from marine plants can help achieve this in marine transport. Also the extensive use of crude plant-oil in the land-based power generating industry is interesting as these plants use engines similar to those in large ships.
Some technological challenges exist when converting to product of oil from marine plants from petroleum based fuels. The acidity of the fuel requires the need for acid resistant material and product of oil from marine plants also require careful temperature control. These technological modifications are not technically advanced operations and product of oil from marine plants can thus be used in most ship engines.
Low blends of product of oil from marine plants in marine diesel oil and heavy fuel oil (MDO/HFO) may be a way of implementing product of oil from marine plants for ships based on the model used for automotive transport. Switching between fuels may be done without major problems to the engine; however the fuel system may need some adjustment.
Shipping costs are one of the most important things to reduce the cost of goods & the price of transport fuel is very impressive to The full affiliation fee too. Complete dependence on oil and fossil fuels, direct impact on the economy, any more War in world only for Oil, when we have high price of oil cause reduce of level of economy of human life. In addition to negative effects on the environment in the future. So if we can reduce the price of shipping goods by sea, we can reduce the price of finished goods. Increasing production of product of oil from marine plants grown on agricultural land will have an impact on the price of
agriculture products, such as food. However the increase in food prices is not expected to be dramatic.
It is estimated that even with the foreseen increase in use of product of oil from marine plants, the overall prices on food will have a more moderate development than the average cost on other products. It is also important to bear in mind that this increase comes after almost 40 years of a steady decrease in prices of agricultural products on the world market.
A more steady increase of prices of agricultural products will benefit many of the poorest people in the world whose main source of income is linked to agriculture. Higher priced food will on the other hand be a negative for the urban poor.
Some countries, both poor and rich, will benefit from an increase in food prices whilst others will lose. This is dependent upon on how much food these countries import and what proportion of the exports are made up of agricultural products.
Product of oil from marine plants also open up new opportunities for many poor countries, both to become less reliant upon imported oil and to produce an agriculture product which will have an almost permanent demand from the rest of the world.
However as development on new product of oil from marine plants technologies evolve, product of oil from marine plants that not affect food price at all will be available. For instance product of oil from marine plants produced from agricultural waste and from residues from the forest industry will be available.
Product of oil from marine plants are sulphur-free, thus the use of product of oil from marine plants will remove the SO2 problem from shipping. Also the emissions of particulate matter will be significantly reduced resulting in a reduced health risk.
Only renewable CO2 will be emitted during combustion, and even though there are some green housegas emissions during production of the biofuel, the climate change gas reductions will be substantial when changing from fossil fuels to product of oil from marine plants. NOx-emissions may increase slightly though the technology is available to deal with this problem.
Carcinogenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons emissions are reduced so are the emission of Carbon Monoxide emissions. But recently we have found a new way, the use of material in sea (marine) instead of fossil fuels!
However, we could be said to have a new choice on the world: the use of edible marine algae to produce bio fuel. Plants and tiny sea creatures instead of using a fuel that can be a good alternative fuel for ships. The cost of producing this type of fuel oil is much lower. This will reduce freight costs and thus increase the purchasing power of people. The use of seaweed and sewage from ships is very affordable because they are below water level as the vehicle grows. Sewage from ships that is fully accessible. In addition to these creatures and plants, ballast water tank of ship are also used as fuel.
We use the sugar in a bacterium found in marine plants are converted to ethanol.The name of this bacteria is E. coli that Gypsies (Escherichia coli) is called, and could be in the temperature 25 ° C, do break a natural sugar found in marine plants and algae, from the result do break up of marine plants and marine algae product of our ethanol as fuel. One major advantage of this bacterium, its function is at ambient temperature. Thus does not need to create to be separately the perfect environment for bacteria.
Sewage is also very easy to convert to ethanol. Combining these two together will provide the fuel needed. When the fuel burns by putting a turbocharger on the engine picks up power supply will be necessary to move the engine.
ABOUT THE ENTRANT
Name: Mohammad Mahdavi Gorabi
Type of entry: team
Number of times previously entering contest:5
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