Automotive/Transportation

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The mainly new design mechanism consists of with an air intake tubular set and exhaust tubular set. both sets are with an inner tube that is driven by the crankshaft though the driving chain at 1:2 ratio. Both sets are with outer tube that driven by signal from ECU to control the timing changing. The two sets are located in the cylinder head. The two-set cooperating make engine compression cycle to be shorter than the power stroke, this means to run Atkinson cycle to get better thermal efficiency and lower emission.

The air intake set to guide airflow pass the open port of outer tube into inner tube ports then flow through inner tube out port that overlap to ...

Background:
Carbon dioxide emissions are costing the world economy every year. It is likely to suffer highest economic damage from climate change after the US. The country-level SCC for India alone is estimated to be about $86 per ton of CO2. For US, the cost is about $50 billion per ton. This means that the nearly five billion metric tons of CO2 the US emits each year is costing the US economy about $250 billion.

The number the US uses to estimate the social cost of carbon is too low. When damages from sea level rise, extreme weather and other effects are taken into account, the global social cost of carbon is $180 to $800 per ton, rather than ...

“ Electro Magnetic Wave capture and controlling device. ”

Most people would have heard of Nikola Tesla’s experiments in providing the world with wireless electrical power, unfortunately he did not show any practical way of achieving it.

He may have been inspired by the Crystal Radio, first discovered in 1874 though it wasn’t put into commercial use until the very early 20th century. The great thing about a crystal radio is that it doesn’t need a separate power source, since all the power it needs is picked up from the antenna, with the power coming from the radio transmitter that originates the radio wave. There is a method of capturing and controlling the electro magnetic waves from the electro magnetic ...

As long as kinetic energy recovery systems don’t supplant friction braking and discrete gear reduction levels haven’t been replaced with infinitely, or continuously variable transmissions, automobiles, trucks, and buses will continue to rely on reciprocating piston internal combustion engines and/or electric traction motors.

Technology exists for major step improvements in the thermal efficiency of fossil fuel engines. Advances made in micro-turbine power plants have made possible low-cost, high efficiency, and very high power-to-weight ratios. Companies such as Capstone Turbine Corporation, Williams International, and several others are producing these power sources electric power generation, light aviation, and rail and bus applications.

In 1976, Allison developed a gas-turbine 150kW power unit for the U.S. Army Patriot Missile System. The initial evaluation ...

In a move from rural to urban we are posed to be maxed out with our current transportation infrastructure for mass transit. Here is where the extended range and class 3 ebike start to be adapted for mass transit. It is a lattice that is connecting the rural parks to the urban cities. The lattice consists of paved park bike paths that are parallel to mass transit but for bikes , runners, walkers, or hikers. These ebikes blend in between these 2 environments seamlessly.

The extended range model is an ebike that is capable of doing 20-30 miles range at 28mph. This gives the commuter a comfortable range to go to work, then charge at work and commute back. ...

Have you ever found yourself driving behind a semi-trailer truck? If you’re on a single-lane highway or road, it can be a nightmare. Even though the truck is driving relatively slowly, you cannot overtake it due to its size, and because you cannot see what is happening in front of the truck. However, Samsung has developed a solution that may make this problem a thing of the past. https://news.samsung.com/global/the-safety-truck-could-revolutionize-road-safety The Safety Truck consists of a wireless camera attached to the front of the truck, which is connected to a video wall made out of four exterior monitors located on the back of the truck. The monitors give drivers behind the truck a view of what is going on ahead, ...

We know a number of known flaws in traditional engines:
1. Inefficient combination of pressure within the cylinder and tangential force on the crankshaft. Two points need to be looked at closely when the crankshaft rotates 180 degrees:
a) The pressure changes from a maximum to a minimum value;
b) The lever size on the crankshaft changes from 0 to 1 and from 1 to 0.
2. The unburned fuel is burned up in the catalytic converter. Its dense honeycomb takes away a part of the engine power.
3. The shortness of the burned mixture’s exhaust time has a significant effect on fuel efficiency as it leads to the mixing of a fresh portion of the fuel-air ...

GDI Magnetic Injector and Fuel Rail Solenoid Tester. The magnetic unit can test GDI injectors and the fuel rail pressure control solenoid, which can sometimes employ 14 to 24 volts and is also PWM controlled. Maximum voltage is at 55 volts variable and uses positive and negative driver ...

The battery is a crucial element of our daily lives. As devices become more mobile and interconnected, demands for higher battery capacity, longer duration, and better safety grow much faster than the commercial offer introduced to the market today. Additionally, the regular Lithium-ion batteries in the market use a Direct Current (DC) system and therefore electricity needs to be converted from Alternating Current (AC), which is directly from the power grid to DC in order to be stored in the form of batteries, resulting in power losses. It is for this reason that we have developed a solution to this problem - a battery that integrates a new type of electrode, the Biode, to enable an AC system for ...

Most power plants for motorized vehicle transportation utilize fossil-fuel burning power plants known as internal combustion engines (ICE) that produce carbon gas emission hazardous to human health and the environment. Introduction of EV technology attempts to minimize the unintended unacceptable side effects of the ICE technology. Attempts were made to replace ICE with electric motors to minimize the pollution problem. Hybrid power plants were introduced but the heavy electric motor system penalizes the power to load weight ratio reflecting an inefficient mechanical drive system.

The I x B engine utilizes Lorentz force to drive the piston. It produces constant force during the work load operation whereas the ICE produces a diminishing pressure in the combustion chamber. The I x ...

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