Medical

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Problem statement:
Detection and calculation of malaria parasitemia in human blood smear

Introduction:
Malaria represents a serious public health problem for humans and animals worldwide. Malaria is endemic in more than 100 countries while the majority of the cases occurs in tropic countries. Estimation of parasitemia (in stained blood smears) is an important parameter in malaria diagnosis and malaria research; however it is being perform manually since binging, which is a time consuming method. In contrast this study proposes a Python (Open CV) based image processing tool for easy, user friendly, accurate and cost effective calculation of parasitemia. During this process, initially the malaria positive blood smear image was acquired and a Python Code for Image Processing was developed ...

Spring assisted Knee Brace Technology undergoing testing by the Canadian Armed Forces suggests a range enhancement for E-Trikes. Human rider assist to the electrics of an E-Trike significantly extends the range and only rider fatigue cuts the rider assist advantage short. Spring assisted knee braces specifically designed to capture muscle power at designated locations in the pedal cycle would reduce fatigue by feeding back the stored power via the knee braces.

The sidebar shows the E-Trike which is powered by a 500W BLDC motor. The therapeutic use of the machine allowed an 84 year old to rapidly develop muscle tone after an extended hospital stay through the use of pedal effort assisting the electric power which at the same ...

Digital and mobile technology provides consumers with access to their own personal health data. From measuring the number of steps per day or the number of solid sleep hours per night, consumers have begun to take an active role in tracking their health. Vital sign tracking is critical for monitoring general daily wellness. There is an enormous market opportunity for remote monitoring of chronic and other conditions such as congestive heart failure, COPD, asthma, and diabetes, with the latter estimated to cost the US health care system $582 Billion in 2018. The VitalWellness Platform helps the consumer to do just that. By providing an easy to use monitoring platform, the VitalWellness Platform is perfectly positioned to capture part of ...

It is said that the main causes of sudden death in elder people are heart failures and risk of falling. Diagnosis and prevention of heart diseases and fall detection is more and more important in our daily life. In addition to increased population growth, online telemedicine systems are useful due to the possibility of timely and efficient healthcare services. The rapid growth in technology has remarkably enhanced the scope of remote health monitoring systems. Loss of consciousness and fall-induced injury is one of the leading problems faced by the elderly. They are the leading cause for the transfer of senior citizens from the comfort of their residence to assisted care environments. They also account for 40% of injury related deaths ...

Abstract:
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a medical procedure used for treatment of cardiac disorders such as arrhythmia or destruction of cancerous tumors in lung, kidney, breast, liver or any other dysfunctional tissue diseases. RFA is also used for treatment of varicose veins, severe chronic pain as well as many other medical uses.

RFA Side Effects and Complications:
Although radiofrequency ablation is a relatively safe procedure, serious complications and side effects can occur. Potential side effects include tissue charring and blood coagulation, blood clot and stroke, cardiac perforation, pulmonary vein stenosis, etc.

Solution:
The novel design of the “RFA Thermal Imaging” is based on the medical grade thermal imaging (thermography) infrared camera and associated software. This system allows for real-time monitoring and analysis during the ...

Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) occur in 15% of hospitalized patients in the US (1.7 million cases/year) and result in approximately 90,000 deaths. The burden of disease is even higher in developing countries. 

Healthcare workers’ hands are the most common vector in the transmission of microorganisms causing HAI. Good hand hygiene helps prevent infections in patients, staff and visitors as well as contamination of the hospital environment. In fact, hand hygiene is a critical infection control measure and remains the simplest and most effective way to prevent HAI and stop the spread of infections.

Soaps, gels and barrier methods (such as gloves) are critical in reducing in HAI’s because they are effective against many bacteria, viruses & other pathogens. There are, ...

We introduce a low-cost pipette tip-based ELISA platform “ELISA in a Tip” as a next generation assay tool with lower cost, better sensitivity, shorter time, low sample and reagent volumes than traditional ELISA. Our platform could serve as a simple microfluidic adaptor that encourages to blend microfluidic advancement, multiplexing and smartphone integration with widely practiced gold standard ELISA without need for major overhaul of current infrastructure in hospitals and testing laboratories.

Pipette-tip adapters represent the first engineering advancement in decades-old well established diagnostic technique "ELISA." Tips were produced using a desktop 3D printer and were designed to fit most commercially available bench-top pipettes. Unlike ELISA which require extensive training and specialized technicians, pipette-tip ELISA users needs to know basic ...

The present invention relates to design and fabrication of new supports; which are in fact polymer-metal composite supports for finger and foot. They are made of a soft polymer with inserted sheets of aluminum, steel or carbon-fiber. The optimal models are strong, and allow for size and finger position adjustments, and can be used for patients who already have distorted fingers and are working on them to regain some functions. These accommodations have not been addressed by any current finger or foot support and currently, there are no support in the market which can accommodate these advantages. The available supports are made of rough fabrics/Velcro straps, or thermoset plastics without any flexibility. Also, most of them cannot be used ...
A truly futuristic idea that looks like something straight out of Star Trek: Next Generation, Body-on-a-Chip has spring boarded off new tissue engineering technology. In fact, it was the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine’s (WFIRM) expertise in generating micro human organs and tissues from the cellular level to functional tissues that led to its selection in 2013 to lead a $20 million, multi-institution “Body-on-a-Chip” program funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. The goal was to build a miniaturized system of multi human organs to model the body’s response to chemical and biological weapons and develop potential therapies and new antidotes. The WFIRM team, which is based on multi-disciplinary collaborative research, was the first to create miniature tissue ...

The goal to be accomplished is to have a robot work collaboratively with a person in a patient care setting without electrical communication (e.g., Remote Control). By having a robotic bed side assistant available to assist with basic tasks within hospitals or nursing homes, the staff can be more focused on those who are in need while those who are stable can be cared for. To accomplish the task of a robot working with a patient, I broke the project up into several different tasks. These tasks include, Face Tracking, Impedance Control, and a vision system detecting angles with robotic response (Angular Response).

The Face Tracking system has the robotic arm follow the user’s face within a 2D plane ...

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