Medical

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"CATCH" is a low cost, user-friendly, self-testing device which detects HIV. In emerging nations, this promotes individuals (who are prevented from travelling for miles to see a physician) to test for HIV at home.

Unfortunately, many individuals lack schooling due to a multitude of variables in emerging nations (including gender inequality, lack of infrastructure, poverty - the list goes on). CATCH is highly intuitive and anyone can use it. It is intended to do all the user's thinking and operates in three simple measures:
1. Sliding the disinfectant sleeve over the finger
2. Push down on the pipette/needle top
3. Press the button to see the result

This simple device has the potential to save millions of lives due ...

The occurrence of wounds or deep injuries in patients located in very distant places, places in conflict or even, in outer space, where the transportation of the patient can be very complicated or it can take days to carry the patient to an attention place, generates risk for lives of people located in these places or circumstances.

In this context, it is necessary to stop the bleeding, protect the wound or injury and provide a way for the beginning of the tissue repair from the moment the treatment is started. This implies that, in a device, it is necessary to include a solution for hemostasis, providing support at the cellular level for tissue growth and initiation of repair through ...

This design uses virtual reality (VR) tools to conduct detailed examinations of human melanoma and disease progression and possible treatment. The tests will use a ConfocalVR systems. Instead of viewing cell images as a three-dimensional model on a flat computer screen, clinicians and researchers will be able to project cell images from normal and diseased tissue into a VR space, see detailed images of internal structure and directly interact with the three-dimensional images in virtual reality.

Patients themselves can immerse themselves in the VR space and view the VR images using our tools. ImageJ software free from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is used to convert confocal microscope image stacks into 3D volumetric object files (NIfTI ) that ...

Traditionally, orthopedic surgeons have relied upon surgical screws to stabilize bone fractures. However, these screws often need to be removed due to pain and inadequate performances, causing surgical device removal surgeries to account for over 30% of all planned orthopedic surgeries. Screws have protruding heads that make them prone to catching on nearby muscle and nervous tissue, causing immense pain for patients. Additionally, screws occupy a large portion of the medullary canal, impeding bone tissue healing. Screws also often “back out”, or loosen, which requires costly followup surgery to redo them. These concerns would be resolved with our product, FastenPro.

FastenPro fastens a wire perpendicular to the fracture, through the bone, to be secured on either end by stainless ...

Problem statement:
Detection and calculation of malaria parasitemia in human blood smear

Introduction:
Malaria represents a serious public health problem for humans and animals worldwide. Malaria is endemic in more than 100 countries while the majority of the cases occurs in tropic countries. Estimation of parasitemia (in stained blood smears) is an important parameter in malaria diagnosis and malaria research; however it is being perform manually since binging, which is a time consuming method. In contrast this study proposes a Python (Open CV) based image processing tool for easy, user friendly, accurate and cost effective calculation of parasitemia. During this process, initially the malaria positive blood smear image was acquired and a Python Code for Image Processing was developed ...

We introduce a low-cost pipette tip-based ELISA platform “ELISA in a Tip” as a next generation assay tool with lower cost, better sensitivity, shorter time, low sample and reagent volumes than traditional ELISA. Our platform could serve as a simple microfluidic adaptor that encourages to blend microfluidic advancement, multiplexing and smartphone integration with widely practiced gold standard ELISA without need for major overhaul of current infrastructure in hospitals and testing laboratories.

Pipette-tip adapters represent the first engineering advancement in decades-old well established diagnostic technique "ELISA." Tips were produced using a desktop 3D printer and were designed to fit most commercially available bench-top pipettes. Unlike ELISA which require extensive training and specialized technicians, pipette-tip ELISA users needs to know basic ...

Someone in the US has a stroke every 40 seconds (nearly 800,000 strokes per year) and stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability. When brain damage occurs after a stroke, it can disrupt the nerve messaging between the brain and muscles, causing paralysis. People who suffer a stroke often experience arm and hand paralysis, which can lead to a loss of independence if they cannot adequately care for themselves, and result in the need for long-term care either at home or in a nursing home.

The approaches to coping with and restoring lost hand function can include using physical rehabilitation, braces, assistive devices, and hand exercise devices. A supportive brace helps with weakness and preventing painful muscle cramps, ...

Vascular Perfusion Solutions (VPS) has developed a new, unique, and innovative medical device that extends organ and limb viability — the Universal Limb/Organ Stasis System for Extended Storage, or ULiSSES™. VPS is working with a team of world-class scientists to advance ULiSSES™ through FDA clearance and into the clinic. ULiSSES™ will provide organ and limb resuscitation, preservation and transport capabilities both civilian and military environments.

The ULiSSES™ device operates using a combination of fluidics, and mechano-elastic principles for the hypothermic, oxygenated, perfusion, preservation, of limbs and vascularized tissue. The device does not rely on electrical power to operate. Instead, it harvests energy from expanding compressed oxygen to simultaneously drive pulsatile perfusion of vascularized tissue and oxygenation of the preservation ...

Transplantable unions of living cells and electronic circuits interfaced with body parts, will be used to test, measure, monitor, control, repair, replace, or assist the functioality of body parts.

Ordinary cells and stem cells are deposited upon, grown, attached to, united, and coupled with non-rejectable electronic circuits, sensors, radio tranceivers, optical, electro-optical, and/or computer systems, to form new transplantable unions. Cells are 3D-printed, deposited, dipensed, painted, sprayed, air-brushed, injected, squirted, spritzed, or delivered by other means upon circuits, or optical systems.

Circuits can be manufactred by ordinary methods, 3D-printing, or other means. Printed circuits, ICs, other circuits, and optical systems are ordinary or are designed to adaptively couple with cells by having surfaces, undercuts, ridges, depressions, interstitial spaces, bumps, ...

It is said that the main causes of sudden death in elder people are heart failures and risk of falling. Diagnosis and prevention of heart diseases and fall detection are more and more important in our daily life. In addition to increased population growth, online telemedicine systems are useful due to the possibility of timely and efficient healthcare services. The rapid growth in technology has remarkably enhanced the scope of remote health monitoring systems. Loss of consciousness and fall-induced injury is one of the leading problems faced by the elderly. They are the leading cause for the transfer of senior citizens from the comfort of their residence to assisted care environments. They also account for 40% of injury related deaths ...

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