Fingerprint Door Lock System using Arduino and Smartphone

Votes: 2
Views: 90

In recent years, advancements in technology have revolutionized the way we interact with our surroundings, particularly in the realm of security systems. One such innovation is the Fingerprint Door Lock System, which integrates Arduino microcontroller technology with smartphone capabilities to enhance security and convenience for users.

This abstract explores the design, implementation, and functionality of a Fingerprint Door Lock System utilizing Arduino and a smartphone application. The system leverages biometric authentication through fingerprint recognition, ensuring robust security by uniquely identifying individuals based on their fingerprints. Arduino, a versatile microcontroller platform, serves as the core component of the system, managing the fingerprint sensor, electronic door lock mechanism, and communication with the smartphone.

Key components of the system include:

  1. Fingerprint Sensor: A crucial element that captures and processes fingerprint data for authentication purposes. It employs advanced algorithms to verify the identity of users against stored fingerprint templates.
  2. Arduino Microcontroller: Acts as the central processing unit of the system, interfacing with the fingerprint sensor and controlling the electronic lock mechanism. Arduino's programmability allows for customization and integration with various sensors and actuators.
  3. Electronic Door Lock: An electromechanical device controlled by the Arduino, which locks and unlocks the door based on authenticated fingerprint data. This ensures physical security and restricts unauthorized access.
  4. Smartphone Application: Facilitates seamless interaction with the Fingerprint Door Lock System. Users can register their fingerprints, manage access permissions, and monitor security status remotely through the application. The smartphone connects to Arduino via Bluetooth or Wi-Fi, enabling real-time communication and control.

The operational workflow of the Fingerprint Door Lock System involves:

  1. Enrollment: Users register their fingerprints through the smartphone application, which communicates with Arduino to store unique fingerprint templates securely.
  2. Authentication: During access attempts, the fingerprint sensor captures the user's fingerprint, which Arduino compares against stored templates. Upon successful verification, Arduino commands the electronic lock to unlock the door.
  3. Security and Convenience: The system enhances security by eliminating the need for traditional keys or PIN codes, reducing the risk of unauthorized entry. It offers convenience through remote management capabilities, allowing users to grant or revoke access remotely via the smartphone application.

This abstract underscores the significance of integrating Arduino microcontroller technology with smartphone functionalities to create an efficient and secure Fingerprint Door Lock System. By leveraging biometric authentication and IoT capabilities, the system not only enhances security but also provides users with a user-friendly and versatile access control solution suitable for residential and commercial applications.


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  • Name:
    Madhumetha M
  • Type of entry:
    Team members:
    • Riyona GK
    • Deepthi J
    • Subha Shree R
  • Patent status: