For harvesting the nuts, and for spraying and applying insecticides on the crown, skilled labourers have to climb the tree manually. Such a process looks easy, in reality it is a laborious and dangerous task. It requires skill to climb arecanut tree. Skilled arecanut tree climbers have become scarce and farmers are finding it difficult to harvest the nuts.
There are much equipment machines in the market to help the farmers in this regard. But they are not successful as the input for them is muscular power of the labour and it requires a person to physically climb the tree to cut the crop or harvest the nuts. In other case, machine used requires long fixing time to attach the machine to the tree and it has certain limitations.There are no 100% safe areca nuts harvesting device currently in the market. There is a need to invent a machine to address both efficiency and safety. The design of the device has to be simple enough for villagers to operate, yet work efficiently to appeal to the majority.
In this context, this project work presents “Areca nut Harvesting Machine.” Here we are designing and fabricating areca nut tree climber.This is a unique model which will be the machine-front of the areca nut industry and in turn will serve as a great help and boon to areca nut farmers. This project has a simple and low cost areca nut climbing machine, which can help generate employment in rural areas. Areca nuts are collected in a basket. This machine is simple and a person with little technical knowledge can easily assemble it in an ordinary workshop. Also, it is very easy to move from one place to another.
This is the most suitable machine for harvesting areca nuts without man climbing on the tree. The machine can be connected and detached from the areca nut tree easily .When a rope attached to the machine is pulled from the ground; the machine climbs on the tree. Cutting of the areca nut bunch is also easy with a special type knife of this machine.The machine can be used for spraying insecticides also.