Present invention is generally directed to propulsion and power production from a Buckyball type sphere shape (Buckyball sphere) structure extruded from the spheres center point out into an array of hexagon and pentagon edges. Triangle panels are provided with the shortest length panel edge forming the surface edges of the hexagons and pentagons Buckyball sphere, where the other two longer edges form the panel length to the central point. Novelty in production and future repair is ONE-Triangle panel assembles into a full Buckyball sphere makeing the whole Buckyball, so manufacturing costs are a fraction of other related applications: water turbines, engines, wind power, and tires for automobiles.
On water the diameter is the torque moment arm, which is very powerful force to cross an ocean or go up a river with wind. Bird and fish safety, along with human safety is all substantially increased applying this high torque power. Fuel can be applied inside the Buckyball to propel the sphere across water when there is no wind.
Colored FIGURES 1 illustrates one-triangle panel assembles into twenty hexagons that array equidistants into a buckyball sphere, which is comprised of six isosceles triangle panels 1aa with inner surface 1a. FIG. 12 and 13 illustrates a perspective view of the inside surfaces 1a, 1b, 1c, and 1d of grouped interconnecting hexagons with all planer hexagon curves extruded to the center point of a buckyball sphere center point 1xyz, and arrayed 360 degrees at five equidistant angles around a center point into a twenty hexagon buckyball.
FIG. 12 illustrates a perspective view of a completed buckyball in FIG 1 rotated 36-degrees to view the rotational axis in FIG. 16 and 16a. FIG. 13 illustrates a perspective view of a completed buckyball in FIG 1 rotated 90 degrees to view the rotational axis in FIG. 1 as a front planar view.
FIG. 16 illustrates a plan inside view of FIG 1 rotated. FIG. 16a illustrates a plan inside view of FIG 16 rotated without the closed cells, so it is FIG. 9 with bearing axle end mount.
Propulsion and turbines have been employed in prior engineered mobility art but lacked simple reliable panel structures to provide easy assembly and maintenance. This invention teaches one-triangle panel structure can build a full buckyball. Prior water propulsion failed to provide: propulsion that floats on the water surface enabling zero drag on the propulsion, an array of floating paddles removing stationary vessel surfaces out of the water, and propulsion can be wind driven with a diametric moment twice the moment of radial lengths, taught in this invention. This invention teaches that by combining closed cell buckyball within a larger open cell buckyball, a new propulsion art form becomes available to meet individual needs for pleasure watercraft, up through major shipping designs. The inside closed cell surfaces can be moved close to the outer open cell buckyball larger diameter to make amphibious craft mobile on beach sand. This is ideal for tidal shoreline power production.
Air buoyancy is possible.