A “Specific” Drone for Night Time Aerial Wildfire Fighting & Drugs Plantations Fumigation: The NitroFirex Project

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INTRODUCTION:
The maturity of the technologies for the guidance and control of RPAS allows for innovative operational options such as the ability to spray (a liquid) a significant amount of an agent of any sort at a pre-established point in the atmosphere. This is the case of NitroFirex, an innovative project that integrates already available defense and UAVs technologies in order to attain an operative capability that can be applied, at night, in the battle against wildfires and fumigation of drug plantations.

Due to the human and ecological harm caused, the social alarm generated as well as the economic losses that they bring forth, the project that NitroFirex is developing with maximum priority is the one to combat these two modern plagues that whip our society such as forest fires and drugs. For that very reason NitroFirex is concentrating on its nighttime operations as an indispensible and necessary complement to aerial means already in use during daytime.

NitroFirex offers the long awaited night-time operations capability that allows direct support to the ground crews in their relentless fight against forest fire fighting and avoid shot down risk for crew of drug plantation fumigation.

NitroFirex CONCEPT:
The ability to transport a large amount of payload in the minimum time to the area of operations is performed by medium/heavy helicopter or transport aircraft, Launcher Aircraft (LA), designed to do this in minimum time and, if compared with the actual aerial fire fighting means, in the most efficient and economical way.

What NitroFirex does is transport this payload from the LA to the programmed release point. This is achieved by using the innovative UAV patented by NitroFirex, the Autonomous Glider Containers (AGCs) that are released from the rear ramp of a transport aircraft in a programmed sequence or one by one hanged like a bucket-bamby from a helicopter. The AGCs fly gliding autonomously to the programmed release point in the source of the fire

Realizing their contents with utmost precision and then returning to base powered by a jet engine for quick reuse.
Equipped with an autonomous navigation and guidance systems the AGCs glide for one to two minutes from the LA to the point of release over the fire. In this phase its aerodynamic behavior is comparable to that of a guided-glided bomb but with a higher payload, more wing surface and the same glide and guidance capabilities.

For safety, but also economical reasons, the NitroFirex’s AGCs are recoverable. Once the drop of extinguishing agent on the fire takes place, the NitroFirex AGCs performs an “escape” maneuver from the danger zone. Taking advantage of the great and sudden loss of weight as well as the surplus speed, the empty AGCs transformed, thanks to the jet engine that propels it, into an UAV.

It returns autonomously to the operation base of the launcher aircraft where it can be swiftly reused. Base of operations is an airport close to the fire to which the LA with the NitroFirex system is deployed when called for.

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  • ABOUT THE ENTRANT

  • Name:
    Luis M Bordallo
  • Type of entry:
    individual
  • Profession:
    Business Owner/Manager
  • Luis M is inspired by:
    Almost fifty years ago man went to the moon, for more than six years the unmanned vehicle Curiosity has been driving around on Mars surface, but here on earth our forest still burnt away at night, or the pilots of drugs plantation fumigation go on performing a very risky work, only because we have not been able to integrate already existing technologies.

    We are using techniques, and procedures developed more than 70 years ago in a very risky, very low altitude, only daytime operation and every day it is clearer that these methods are insufficient to combat the devastating fires that, due to climate change, are devastating the worldwide forests as well as the increase in heroin and cocaine production around the world.

    If we compare it to all other sectors of aviation where the innovations have been really significant during the last seventy years, paradoxically in the sector of aerial fire fighting and drugs plantations fumigation no modern aeronautic technologies have been implemented up to now.

    Given the seriousness of the problem it is of the utmost importance that the aerial forest fires fighting is H-24, non-stop fighting so the great lack of forest fire fighting aerial means is the night operation capability and its development is where must concentrate the efforts of the responsible agencies as well as of the operators and aeronautical companies.

    The big fires, the destructive ones are those that last one-day, one-night and at next morning are out of control, we firmly believe that the priority should be to develop the first night aerial forest fire fighting operational capability and this is the NitroFirex´s main objective
  • Patent status:
    patented