Multiaxis Chainless Shaftless Compact Coastable Geared Bilateral Drive Mechanism and Novel Low Height Frame Set for Unicycles

Votes: 4
Views: 778

This drive mechanism does not use chaindrive or shaftdrive but has efficiency as chaindrive (in terms of gear teeth engagement) and requires less frequent maintenance. It also provides gear ratio.

Basic idea: Use internally toothed gear to rotate the hub of the wheel. It also uses part of rotation energy of the wheel for anti-tipping mechanism.

Drive mechanism, broadly speaking, is an epicyclic gear integrated to internally toothed slewing bearing such that internal gear of slewing bearing acts as outer ring gear of said epicyclic gear.

Outer ring of slewing bearing is attached to carrier plate via U-shaped pegs overbridging gear ring and attached at radially outward side to the bicycle frame. Gear ring may optionally on its outward side be attached to eared plate which in turn may be journalled at its center to the center of outward face of the carrier plate. Pedals are attached to outward side of the gear ring of the slewing bearing or the said eared plate. Eared plate protects rider clothing from cogs.

Three planetary gears (P1), (P2) and (P3) and a Sun gear (S) is journalled to carrier plate via ball bearings. U shaped pegs are attached to carrier plate in the space between the planet gears.

Planet gears are meshingly engaged to gear ring of slewing bearing. One planet gear (P1) is engaged with hub of the rear wheel. (P1) is coaxially attached to outer race of ratchet bearing mounted on the hub shell of the rear wheel. To facilitate syncing of pedals while coasting (P1) is attached at its center to axle of the rear wheel. (S), (P2) and (P3) are located on lower side of the center of wheel.

The drive mechanism is equipped with multi gear engagement system (MGES). According to (MGES) rear wheel on its faces are coaxally attached to inner gear rail which is externally toothed spur gear of smaller radius and outer rail which is internally toothed spur gear of larger radius. Sun gear (S) on its face is coaxially attached to anticlockwise oriented ratchet bearing which is meshing engaged to inner rail and planet gears (P2) and (P3) on its face is coaxially attached to clockwise oriented ratchet bearing which is meshingly engaged to outer rail. Ratchet bearings in (MGES) may be tipped with one ball bearing to prevent friction with wheel's face.
(MGES) (especially via sun gear) helps apply force on a larger area and reduce wobbling.

Various variations can be implemented to reduce the weight and cost.

(MGES) also works as anti-tipping mechanism (see figs). Novel frame set comprises seat tube, top tube head tube and steering mechanism. Fork of the wheel and seattube is in the form of inverted hook shape. Top tube connects head tube with upper end of seat tube. Steerer rod connecting connecting crown of the fork and handle is coaxially housed in the head tube via ball bearing. I have also invented reverse torque braking making which can be used in place of (MGES) as anti-tipping mechanism.

Voting

Voting is closed!

  • ABOUT THE ENTRANT

  • Name:
    Ravi Shankar Gautam
  • Type of entry:
    individual
  • Profession:
    Scientist
  • Ravi Shankar's hobbies and activities:
    Developing new devices or remodeling existing devi
  • Ravi Shankar belongs to these online communities:
    Auroma Innovate
  • Ravi Shankar is inspired by:
    Steering mechanism determines Maneuverability of the vehicle. Ackermann parallelogram mechanism for Ackermann steering has its limitations. It requires complex specialized components. This invention overcomes many such limitations. Some important aspects of this invention could not be incorporated due to word limitation and lack of time but has been mentioned in my patent doc. Middle two gears in central shaft are mounted via common roller ball bearing to facilitate two point steering action (TPSA). TPSA is not possible in currently prevalent steering mechanism. I also have filed patent for compact steering mechanism without TPSA. Power steering can be applied easily in this invention. In the images gears have been zoomed outdue to rendering issues of 3d modeller. Dog clutch teeth would not have been visible. I have generated better color picture and have posted in my facebook post
    https://www.facebook.com/ravi.gautam.9047/
  • Software used for this entry:
    3ds max
  • Patent status:
    pending