Few planets and satellites in our solar system can have the right conditions for life to develop (Mars, Europa and Enceladus). The space missions to explore these worlds are very expensive and we've to develop cheaper technological alternatives with satisfactory results.
To find possible traces of life in our solar system, we're going to develop sensors, a network of sensors for monitoring the stars with telescopes and a simulator to test our system. A recent example is that used by a group of astronomers to detect phosphine in the clouds of the planet Venus and with the James Clark Maxwell telescope located in Hawaii.
For the monitoring of the stars of the solar system from the Earth, we can mount sensors in telescopes that operate in the submillimeter regions of the radioelectric spectrum. These telescopes can be terrestrial or mounted on the space orbital station, and even on the Moon.
The set of nodes with sensors positioned in the telescopes will connect to each other and send the data to a central control that will store and process the data with machine learning for subsequent analysis and conclusion.
Some sensors that will be developed and used to detect natural organic compounds with oxygen, hydrogen, phosphorus and carbon, will be the following:
- Methanol (CH3OH): Known as methyl alcohol, it is the simplest alcohol there is.
- Propanone (C3H6O): The common solvent acetone, flammable and transparent, with a characteristic odor.
- Acetylene (C2H2): It is an alkyne gas lighter than air, colorless, and highly flammable.
- Formol (CH20): Used as a preservative of biological matter.
- Glycerin (C3H8O3): It is an intermediate product of alcoholic fermentation and digestive processing of lipids.
- Glucose (C6H12O6): The basic unit of energy in living beings is a monosaccharide sugar.
- Ethanol (C2H6O): Ethyl alcohol, present in alcoholic beverages.
- Cellulose (C6H10O5): Main compound of plant beings.
- Ascorbic acid (C6H8O6): Also known as the important vitamin C of citrus fruits.
- Phosphine (PH3): Phosphine is a colorless and toxic gas with the smell of garlic or rotting fish.
The consumers of these products are governments, aerospace companies, universities, aerospace research centers and agencies.