The objective of this project is to provide the effects of using blend of Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) with diesel in proportion of 40 % by volume, with different mass shares of hydrogen supplementation, on the Performance, Combustion and Emission characteristics of a naturally aspirated, IDI CI engine. The experimental tests were recorded in five loading conditions (i.e., 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%) and at constant engine rpm. The fuel injection pressure was set at 210 bar for all the readings. Hydrogen was supplemented in the injection manifold of the engine using a separate injector at an injection pressure equal to the atmospheric pressure. The quantity of hydrogen supplemented was varied as 0.3gm/min, 0.6gm/min and 0.9gm/min for each ...


This radiator works on the same principle of heat transfer but instead of straight fluid flow line helical path is provided so that heat transfer rate gates increases considerably.

Concept :

The heat transfer by convection Q is given by
Q= hA(∂T) w/m2
Where Q- heat transfer
A-surface area
∂T-change in temperature

Hence in order to increase heat transfer rate we must increase the contact area. In the given design due to the large surface area available for reduction of heat, the rate of heat transfer gets increases. Also due to compact design the circulation of air inside the design takes place, i.e. at moderate speed of vehicle also effective cooling of fluid ...

With conventional fossil fuel consuming rides posing a threat to the existence of life on Earth, it is high time to develop alternate and greener modes of transportation for a sustainable future. The Effi-cycle was designed to be an electrically assisted, dual-human powered tricycle with a capability to regenerate the energy lost during braking. Different topologies were analysed and based on the factors such as turning radius, stability, handling and ease of manoeuvring, tadpole design was adopted with 2 wheels at the front and one at the back. Similar to that of modern passenger cars, the front wheel steered trike abides to Ackermann criterion and integrates double wishbone suspension exhibiting superior high speed cornering and off-road capabilities. The hybrid cycle, ...

Children instinctively prefer to move somewhere embracing and riding on something. Electric toy cars for children are recently prevalent, but vehicle technology for children has not been introduced yet. Since the structures of conventional automobiles are directly reflected even in toy cars, children should learn how to operate a steering wheel, a pedal, and gear shift to control speed or direction of the car.

Which structure of mobility is capable for young children to drive easy and fun? How can we have kids feel a car as a plump and soft life not solid and hard stuff? These questions are the starting point to design a new concept in personal mobility.

Based on our motivation, we suggest egg ...

The automobile is the defacto mass transportation system in the USA that is strangling most cities in massive traffic and pollution. Replacing it with a rail or subway system is too expensive (right-of-ways, new bridges, tunnels, stations, etc.) and has marginal value for the average commuter. Electra-Port (electric transportation) is a mass transportation system that leverages off-the-shelf bus/trolley technology with existing roads & highways that are already installed and maintained.

Electra-Port would basically be an updated trolley system of overhead wires for power, modern electric busses for the transporter and computer control for safety and efficiency. City-wide transportation would use the standard spoke-and-wheel system to gather and deliver commuters to retail, industrial or city center for work, shopping, etc. ...


This braking system is an electro mechanical system with three split brake pads on the same caliper, each having its own brake line to actuate the piston corresponding to each brake pad and two solenoid valves to control the flow of brake fluid of the first and third piston only.

There is a pressure sensors mounted on the master cylinder whose output is fed to small circuit of IC. There is a speed sensor whose output is fed to the same IC. In case of speeds below 50kmph, the output of the pressure sensor is used to control the solenoid valves. In case of soft braking, only the central brake pad actuates and in case of hard ...

Everyone is looking for an alternative energy source for the vehicles. We have several options such as Bio-fuel, Electricity, Hydrogen, Pneumatic, Hydraulics, Solar energy etc., and among all these, electricity is found to be leading.

Problem – Limited Range, High Initial Cost.

Electric Vehicles have high torque, operate with less noise and vibration and can be easily controlled but they cannot be driven continuously. Present electric vehicles require a lot of time to recharge, about 5 to 8 hours because of which EVs are not able to compete in the market.

Usage of only pneumatic to power the vehicle will not be satisfactory since compressed air has low power density.

Electro-Pneumatic Hybrid Vehicle (EPH)

Electric Motor,

The valve stems on the wheels of automobiles can be turned into a self-powered, electronic pressure sensor which can send pressure data to the car or cell phone to alert the driver to changes in the tire pressure. This would provide an early warning for any flat tires, low pressure or overpressure situations. Also, by maintaining proper tire pressure, the automobile's fuel economy would be optimized, saving the user money. The design is simple and the cost minimal but the savings in fuel, money and time is large. The power would come from a swinging weight pendulum, similar to a self powered watch, this takes advantage of the tires rotation to provide power for the life of the valve ...

ERALO-CA will be an international aviation procedure - law -infrastructure, supported by member States, ICAO, National Aviation Authorities (NAA) and the National Air Forces.

Helios Airways Flight 522 was a scheduled Helios Airways passenger flight that crashed into a mountain on 14 August 2005 at 12:04 pm EEST, north of Marathon and Varnavas, Greece, whilst flying from Larnaca, Cyprus to Athens, Greece. A lack of oxygen incapacitated the crew, leading to the aircraft's eventual crash after running out of fuel. Rescue teams located the wreckage near the community of Grammatiko, 40 km (25 mi) from Athens. All 115 passengers and 6 crew on board the aircraft were killed..

The EALC-CA will be an international safety procedure, which will allow ...

Most off road vehicles travel in rough terrain, so the chance of damaging the tire and tire puncture is greater. Due to this problem the work in progress can stop. Nobody wants such things to happen. During such unavoidable circumstances EMERGENCY THREE WHEEL DRIVE comes into action. For example, during ploughing the land if the front wheel gets punctured we have to bring the tractor to the flat land and with the help of a screw jack we have to remove the punctured tire, take it to the shop to repair the puncture, place it back into its position and it is fitted to the tractor and the ploughing is continued.

There is an another option the farmers are using in case ...

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