2017
Medical

Iron is a critical mineral for motor and cognitive development; a deficiency can lead to anemia, which can trigger other illnesses. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports 30% of the global population as anemic with the majority being children and pregnant women. Furthermore, 40% of Americans are vitamin B12 deficient. Such deficiencies emerge rapidly and affect normal body function.

With healthcare currently being a variable commodity, a patient may be discouraged from monitoring their health, especially if they have a vital blood nutrient deficiency, mainly in fear of the out-of-pocket cost. Furthermore, individuals living in remote or medically underrepresented areas may have limited access to basic care, like a blood test. Institutions like WHO and Harvard Medical School state ...

Longer life expectancy in conjunction with improved knowledge of cancers has resulted in increased demands for core needle biopsies. Additionally, cancer diagnosis typically occurs earlier and hence biopsy specimens are required from smaller tissue masses.

Image guidance using ultrasound imaging is frequently used for locating the increased number of smaller suspected tumours. However, ultrasound images do not have the clarity of other medical images (such as X-ray) and the visibility of the needles in such images is generally very poor - they appear like grey glimmers within a flickering grey background. Additionally, during their insertion, it is common for needles to deflect from their intended track thereby producing further uncertainty of the tip position from where the biopsy specimen ...

I believe it is necessary for every person to have his/her medical history in a personal database and when someone visits a doctor to be able to show immediately his/her medical history from a platform or a USB.

Especially for new population it is ideal to have a database with all medical information from its birth. It is also important for this base to be common worldwide.

I also believe it will be very useful for the next generations to have their family medical record in a platform or a USB.

The problem is that we do not have our personal medical information assembled and whenever we need medical care, doctors have to know our medical history.The first think doctors ask and ...

I-VED (In-Vivo Embolic Detector) refers to a novel electrical impedance spectroscopy device (European Patent Office, 3005942 Α1, 2015) for the non-intrusive detection of bubbles in the human body during Decompression Sickness, DCS (e.g. in astronauts, scuba divers, etc). Currently, acoustic devices are employed for sensing bubbles in humans. However, such detection is feasible only after the end of the exposure at reduced environmental pressure since acoustic devices are bulky, motion/sound sensitive and require trained personnel. On the contrary, I-VED device is designed to provide real time, on-line, bubbles detection in the human body during ExtraVehicular Activities of astronauts or scuba-diving. This is achieved by means of a wearable device to be incorporated in the spacesuit/wetsuit and by electrodes adhering ...

Major advancements in the fields of electronics, photonics and wireless communication have enabled the development of compact wearable devices, with applications in diverse domains such as fitness, wellness and medicine. A report published by the International Data Corporation shows a 163.6% increase in wearable device shipments from 28.9 million units in 2014 to 76.1 million units in 2015 and forecasts 173.4 million units by 2019. The most popular wearable devices were medical devices that collect health-related data. Nevertheless, despite their potential, existing wearable devices are only able to measure a few parameters (e.g., heart rate, temperature or blood pressure).

In parallel to these efforts, nanotechnology is enabling the development of miniature sensors that can detect events at the nanoscale with ...

Purpose: Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) involves several physical and functional activities, such as standing, walking, squatting, climbing, bathing, grooming, etc.… However, such ADLs may get compromised due to various diseases and disorders where assistive devices play a key role to meet the functional independence. A walker is one of the common devices routinely used by people with locomotors disabilities, following spinal and lower limb dysfunctions where stair climbing up & down remains major challenge to meet ADLs.

Objectives: To understand the process of making/designing an innovative walker for stair climbing up and down, to test and re-test its applicability with healthy adults and patients with locomotors disabilities, to dedicate the outcome of the research work to society ...

The cost of treating lower back pain in the United States has been estimated at $90 billion per year in 2008 with a further $10-20 billion in costs due to loss of productivity. A significant portion of the expense is attributable to spinal fusion surgery. Anatomics seeks to improve the efficiency of fusion surgery by reducing the manufacturing and supply cost of equipment and optimising the workflow within surgery without compromising clinical outcomes. Our current solution which we are calling FUSEbox is a custom patient-specific kit produced using 3D printing (3DP). The kit greatly simplifies minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar fusion surgery (MIS TLIF) and can be adapted to support most spinal fusion techniques.

Using patient imaging in the form ...

The proposed idea is based on an intelligent bathroom mirror on which the health-related body parameters such as Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, SpO2 level, Weight, Height, Body Mass Index (BMI), Body Temperature, Room Temperature, Bathroom Tap Water Temperature etc. will be displayed in real time.

The daily routine of every person is started with the fresh up in the bathroom. The proposed idea is to make an intelligent mirror which is linked with the different sensors placed in the floor tile which is fixed exactly at the front of the mirror. As the person will enter in the bathroom and looking towards the mirror, they will stand on the floor tile. The floor tile will automatically sense all the listed body ...

We have proposed an innovative approach in robotic surgery based on magnetic actuation. In this approach, a miniaturised robotic manipulator deployed through a single small incision inside the abdomen without a rigid link connection to the outside practised in current robotic surgical platforms such as the DaVinci by Intuitive Surgical. Then, it is actuated by transferring a controlled mechanical power across abdominal wall using magnetic linkage. This provides the freedom for the placement of the internal device within all quadrants of the abdominal cavity without requiring any extra incision and compromising manipulation dexterity and manoeuvrability of surgical instruments. Using a small single incision also leads to less wound complications, less postoperative pain, shorter recovery period, better cosmetics, and earlier ...

Problem:
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a disease that affects premature infants. It is the leading cause of childhood blindness. Although effective treatments exist, many infants are still at risk due to the small window of time for detection. The current standard of care consists of in-person, manual screening by a pediatric ophthalmologist. Unfortunately, the number of infants in need of screening far surpasses the availability of specifically trained ophthalmologists. Consequently, fewer than 30% of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) worldwide have fully compliant ROP screening programs.

Current Solution:
Telemedicine has been proposed as a possible solution to the screening deficit, but equipment and training costs present two major barriers to adoption. The current telemedicine standard is the ...

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