Electronics/Sensors/IoT

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It is thought that, like other areas of concentrated marine debris in the world's oceans, the Great Pacific garbage patch formed gradually as a result of the ocean or marine pollution gathered by ocean currents. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch isn't the only accumulation of debris in the world's oceans, water currents and wind also collect debris is four other areas known as gyres. Those are located in the South Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the North and South Atlantic Ocean. Pacific Trash Vortex. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. The zone acts like a highway that moves debris from one patch to another. The entire Great Pacific ...

Problem
Hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, wildfires, and other events will continue to test the strength of the infrastructure modern society relies on, such as communication equipment like cellular networks.

Communications infrastructure needs to be restored within 72 hours after which the survival chances of victims decrease drastically.

Solution
Our IoT hardware solution ClusterDuck addresses this issue. Ducks are miniaturized multi-terrain wifi-enabled devices that are dispersed in clusters in areas where traditional infrastructure and communications is offline.

Once dispersed, the Ducks create an ad-hoc wireless network, enabling civilians in need of aid to connect to the network, and send information about their situation, location, and needs.

The DuckLink
A DuckLink, or simply a Duck, is a small WiFi-enabled IoT device in ...

Background

The province of Nova Scotia (NS) in Canada has been shown to have very high levels of radon emissions which is often concentrated indoors in the basement of different houses. NS shows one of the highest levels of radon emission in Canada with about 25% higher risk of lung cancers. Moreover, various studies have shown the health hazards associated with radon emissions in NS and around the world. Radon is produced when uranium, thorium and radium break down soil, rock and water, and then released to the air. Radon and other water pollutants also contribute significantly to the water quality found in each household in Nova Scotia and around the world. Similarly, the study conducted by Environment Canada from ...

People can’t clearly see the welding conditions through the current automatic or manual welding mask, and their eyes will be damaged by the leakage light when a welder removes the mask, and the danger might occur when operating in high buildings.

SPW can screen strong light via electronically control liquid crystal and display graphic recognition, and also display the welding conditions. SPW recommends the welding information from AI by AR, can be transferred from AR to VR in the black screen, and 3D VR can be presented. SPW can analyze the welding conditions in real time to greatly improve the working efficiency, welding quality and ...

The SMART Signals software will save time, money, fuel, the atmosphere and even human life.

Supported by vehicle registration fees or gasoline and automobile sales taxes, the openly available app for mobile phones will communicate with traffic regulating authorities to adjust traffic signals in response to traffic patterns in real time. Present sensors regulating traffic signals detect traffic patterns only near intersections, often too late to make a difference. The SMART Signals app will evaluate traffic patterns across entire cities, allowing signals to anticipate needs long before intersection sensors can even detect approaching vehicles.

Existing protocols which prevent conflicting green or yellow signals will always have priority.

The app works collaboratively using data only collectively. Mobile phones using the app will function ...

When batteries catastrophically fail, they can overheat, rupture, and or explode. Susceptible lithium ion batteries are everywhere - in consumer products like e-cigarettes, mobile phones, and electric cars, as well as in airplanes and facilities for alternative energy storage. Failures bring serious consequences:

-From 2015-2017, e-cigarette injuries sent more than 2,000 people to the hospital across the U.S. Several incidents were disfiguring or fatal. https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/28/4/472

-In 2016, Samsung recalled more than one million Galaxy Note 7 phones after at least 35 reports of overheating or exploding batteries worldwide.

-In May 2019, Tesla issued a software update to adjust battery settings in Model S and Model X cars after videos of cars bursting into flames in Asia became public.

-An ...

In this current world where technology is growing up day by day which is gradually increasing the usage of precious and expensive things in day to day life for making works handier, the need for security is also hyped in all areas. On the other hand as a human being, we always want to get maximum possible results with less effort and expense. We know well that in the 21st century biometrics is a very effective way of security authentication, but again using the physical biometrics sensors for this purpose makes it a lot more expensive as well as a bit complicated for a common man to afford and use.

When thought variedly for the solution to this problem ...

More babies die from sleep-related dangers than from any other cause.

In the 1990's, the Back to Sleep campaign taught parents how to lessen the chances of SIDS and accidental suffocation and strangulation, and fatalities dropped by 40%. But Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths have continued at a steady rate for more than 20 years.

So Nate Ruben and Jake Gunther created Smart Beat, a video baby monitor with breath detection that alerts parents if their infant stops breathing. Smart Beat gives parents peace of mind and--in the case of an incidence--plenty of time to intervene.

Smart Beat uses computer vision algorithms to analyze the way that pixels change color every time that baby's body moves. It extrapolates the movement of breathing and ...

We propose the development of a smart flashlight for employees of rescue services, firefighters, miners, police officers, people working in dangerous conditions and even tourists. It can be used as an ordinary flashlight, in the hands, or it can be fixed on the helmet of the employee. The flashlight must be equipped with a radioactive radiation sensor, sensor of hazardous asphyxiating and explosive gases, ultraviolet, infrared and visible radiation, temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure sensors (can be converted to altitude above sea level). In addition, a GPS sensor will be built into the case, for operation in open areas, as well with the inertial measurement unit (IMU), for determining coordinates and moving in buildings or underground. All collected data ...

Most of us wear synthetic fabrics like polyester every day. Our dress shirts, yoga pants, fleeces, and even underwear are all increasingly made of synthetic materials plastic, in fact. But these synthetic fabrics, from which 60% of all clothing on earth is made, have a big hidden problem: when they’re washed, they release tiny plastic bits called microfibers that flow down our drains, through water treatment plants, and out into our rivers, lakes and oceans by the billions.

If there is a mechanism that can collect all these microfibers, cloth manufacturing companies can reuse the microfibers to make new clothing like tough, very soft-to-the-touch materials for general clothing use. This collection can be done using a newly designed washing ...

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