2013
Sustainable Technologies

Summary
Asphalt pavements are 100% recyclable material, but currently the average US pavement includes only 15% of reclaimed asphalt; so 85% are virgin materials. The proposed concept introduces the idea of production of new pavements entirely from reclaimed asphalt with the use of existing asphalt plants and rejuvenators – materials that can restore the reclaimed asphalt properties for another life cycle on roads. This will significantly reduce the cost of asphalt construction while also reducing dependency on oil products, save mining of virgin materials, and conserve energy while decreasing emissions.

Concept
Both reclaimed asphalt and virgin asphalt consist of two key ingredients of asphalt pavements: bitumen and mineral aggregates. The only difference is that the reclaimed binder has undergone ...

Idea and process of coupling a photovoltaic cell to a super capacitor of Graphene to charge while the cell is illuminated and discharge during low or no light periods.

This approach is scalable, and provides a better impedance match to the cell, as well as allows for series and parallel connections at a much greater efficiency. The cell can be of any type but thin film is easiest to manufacture with Graphene capacitor incorporated into the substrate.

Nanotube tech would be used to further enhance the conversion spectrum of the PV cell. This approach is unique in that it is a direct incorporation of three technologies into one package, and at the time of manufacture of the ...

An ordinary Edison base LED replacement bulb emulates an incandescent lamp in that it provides omnidirectional light. These are used in table lamps, desk lamps and ceiling fixtures. Purpose made LED lighting, such as strip lamps, provide light over a much smaller solid angle where the light is actually needed. This increases their system efficiency over that of LED replacement bulbs even though the LEDs themselves and their power supplies have approximately the same efficiency as those used in replacement bulbs. The reason that LED replacement bulbs with Edison bases cannot provide just light in the down direction, say is that their rotation is dependent on the details of the socket depth. (We are talking about ordinary bulbs, not ...

The proposal offers a mean of using the ground air currents on the power lines right of ways that normally lie fallow. These air currents are generally of low velocity, thus requiring a different approach to the present method of depending on high velocities to provide high RPM's.

Choosing Induction Generation with its restricted useful RPM range can provide a match to the wind pressure increase at the cube of the velocity. This proposal suggests ways and materials to accomplish the desired result.

Some of the advantages are using grounds already owned by utilities and not generating the obnoxious noises and visuals of present means. Some references are offered on Induction ...

Base oils can be classified as minerals or synthetics, depending on their source or production process. Lubricant’s world market is about 35 million tons per year and biolubricants represent approximately 1% of this total. But, the biolubricant’s market is growing at nearly 10% per year. When compared to mineral base stocks (mainly API group I), biolubricants show some advantages: lower toxicity and volatility, biodegradability, better lubricity, higher flash point and viscosity index (VI). However there are some limitations such as oxidative and hydrolytic instability.

Brazil is the third largest producer of castor beans. Castor oil has nearly 90% of ricinoleic acid, which differentiates it from all vegetable oils in terms of viscosity. Soybean and jatropha were also chosen because ...

I propose to airlift two small wind turbines to a height (550 meters) utilizing a towed auto-gyro and keep it aloft by means of a tether to the ground. Because the wind is both consistent and steady at altitudes above 500 meters, both the auto-gyro and the generator will remain aloft indefinitely. The proposed configuration will operate at 100% power factor and will have a productivity 40 to 60 percent higher, and an acquisition cost of substantially less than ground based installations.

The auto-gyro is a simple and inexpensive mechanism capable of lifting objects weighing up to twenty tons. Within the envelope of the auto-gyro lifting capacity, wind turbines with ratings up to 15 Mega Watts may be ...

Advanced Solid State Cooling Technology

This technology requires three tuned elements to operate:

1. A special nanotechnology-based ceramic produced using an induced self organizing tendency that is used as a heat extractor (energy extraction) element to capture localized or ambient heat.

2. The heat from the heat extraction element is transferred by conduction to a second ceramic element produced using the same method as above, which, when energized by this heat energy, emits this heat energy with high efficiency as infrared radiation.

3. Special carbon/lead/silicon/sulfur photovoltaic "cells" then convert this IR radiation into electricity, also with high efficiency.

While conventional ceramics and photovoltaic cells may be used to demonstrate this effect, special materials are required to reproduce the extreme ...

In the ever changing interior world of the ISS and other human inhabited space structures to come, modular adaptability of life support structures will be key. The already proven and very successful interior green wall technology that utilizes vertically arrayed plants, is increasingly integrated into modern homes and offices, offering numerous benefits for occupants. From air purification and oxygen generation to providing psychological benefits through more subtle qualities of beauty and aesthetic enhancement, green wall systems are a desirable feature for enclosed spaces, especially those that will be found in space.

With interior volume and surfaces at a premium, the benefits to having modular sections, or mats of algae, moss, or other compact plantlife which recycles air and are ...

Of a city’s total electricity consumption, more than 25% of the power is just consumed by the very basic need for air conditioning–to keep the temperature inside offices, homes, malls, shopping complexes, hypermarkets, cinema halls, factory complexes – at an ambient temperature for comfortable working, living and leisure.

MY INVENTION makes it possible to generate a self-perpetuating source of electrical power from an everyday appliance–the AIR CONDITIONER–a power-guzzler found in almost every household and every office and factory, in 80% of the parts of the world–and turn it into a POWER GENERATOR.

An air conditioner has 2 main components:

a) An electric fan motor revolving at a very high speed, almost 10,000 RPM, attached to 2 fan shafts, one ...

An electromagnetic induction device having an array of linearly arranged wires spanning between a pair of conductor plates forming a parallel circuit between each of the wires. The wires are arranged forming a plurality of planes, which are stacked into layers. Multiple induction devices are assembled together providing at least one “inductor” and at least one “inductee”. A moving magnetic field comprised of concentric circles is created in and around the at least one inductor when a cyclic current flows in the said wires. A voltage and current is induced by the said moving magnetic field. The field propagates then collapses through the wires of the inductees in a perpendicular manner, inducing therein a cyclic voltage and a current ...

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